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Mar 22, 2024

What are Other Countries Doing and What Should Canada Do?

In Finland, surgical treatments are not considered treatment methods for dysphoria in minors.

A growing refrain from these national reviews is that there is a lack of evidence to support these medical and surgical interventions, particularly in the long-term.

Fundamentally, biological sex cannot change but the self-perception of the psychological, social, and cultural aspects of being male and female can change.

  1. Society for Evidence Based Gender Medicine, “One Year Since Finland Broke with WPATH Standards of Care,” July 2, 2021,  ↩︎
  2. Society for Evidence Based Gender Medicine, “Sweden’s Karolinska Ends All Use of Puberty Blockers and Cross-Sex Hormones for Minors Outside of Clinical Studies,” May 5, 2021, ↩︎
  3. Society for Evidence Based Gender Medicine, “Summary of Key Recommendations from the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare,” February 27, 2022, ↩︎
  4. Cass, “Interim Report – Cass Review.” ↩︎
  5. NHS England, “Interim Specialist Service for Children and Young People with Gender Incongruence,” June 9, 2023, ↩︎
  6. French National Academy of Medicine, “Medicine and Gender Transidentity in Children and Adolescents,” February 25, 2022, ↩︎
  7. National Commission of Inquiry for the Health and Care Service, “Patient Safety for Children and Young People with Gender Incongruence,” Ukom, March 9, 2023, ↩︎
  8. Although we profoundly disagree with their framing of this issue, the Human Rights Campaign has an informative map of which states have banned some form of gender-affirming care that is regularly updated:  ↩︎
  9. Section 320.101, Criminal Code of Canada. ↩︎
  10. Bailey and Blanchard, “Gender Dysphoria Is Not One Thing.” ↩︎